Sunday, July 09, 2006

WWII Enlistment File


New at NARA - World War II Electronic Army Serial Number Merged File - 9 million records

The NARA website says:
This series has records on about nine million men and women who enlisted during World War II in the United States Army, including Army Reserves and the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps. NARA scanned War Department microfilmed punch cards on enlistments to support the reconstruction of the military personnel records at its National Personnel Record Center. Because of the microfilm's poor condition, approximately 1.5 million records could not be scanned. Also, the file has no records for Army officers, members of other services or enlistments for other time periods. In general, each record has the serial number of a soldier, person's name, state and county of residence, place of enlistment, date of enlistment, grade, branch, term of enlistment, place of birth, year of birth, race, education, civilian occupation, marital status, and component. These records present unique searching challenges.
WWII Army Serial Number Records can be found at the Access to Archival Databases (AAD) http://aad.archives.gov/aad/

Click on the Genealogy/ Personal History > Military Personnel, and then World War II Army Enlistment Records, created, 6/1/2002 - 9/30/2002, documenting the period ca. 1938 - 1946 - Record Group 64, the top search button.

Thanks to Joe Beine for sending notice of this database to the APG list.

Here is a sample record, for my father, Ted Cowan (Theodore E.):

Column Title Value Meaning Notes
ARMY SERIAL NUMBER 39481520
NAME COWAN#THEODORE#E########
RESIDENCE: STATE 97 WASHINGTON
RESIDENCE: COUNTY 033 KING
PLACE OF ENLISTMENT 9742 FT LEWIS WASHINGTON
DATE OF ENLISTMENT DAY 11
DATE OF ENLISTMENT MONTH 11
DATE OF ENLISTMENT YEAR 44
GRADE: ALPHA DESIGNATION PVT# Private
GRADE: CODE 8 Private
BRANCH: ALPHA DESIGNATION NO# No branch assignment
BRANCH: CODE 02 No branch assignment
FIELD USE AS DESIRED #
TERM OF ENLISTMENT 5 Enlistment for the duration of the War or other
emergency, plus six months, subject to the discretion of the President or otherwise according to law
LONGEVITY ###
SOURCE OF ARMY PERSONNEL 0 Civil Life
NATIVITY 97 WASHINGTON
YEAR OF BIRTH 26
RACE AND CITIZENSHIP 1 White, citizen
EDUCATION 4 4 years of high school
CIVILIAN OCCUPATION 760 AUTOMOBILE SERVICEMAN
MARITAL STATUS 6 Single, without dependents
COMPONENT OF THE ARMY 7 Selectees (Enlisted Men)
CARD NUMBER #
BOX NUMBER 1441
FILM REEL NUMBER 7.12#


Military Record Requests (SF-180) from NARA (National Personnel Records Center in St. Louis, MO): http://www.archives.gov/facilities/mo/st_louis/military_personnel_records/standard_form_180.html


Ancestry.com now has WWII Enlistments, too. Let's compare, by looking at the record for my dad's cousin Walter McAninch:

U.S. World War II Army Enlistment Records, 1938-1946

Name: Walter H McAninch
Birth Year: 1920
Race: White, not yet a citizen (White)
Nativity State or Country: British North America or Canada or Labrador or Newfoundland
State: Washington
County or City: King

Enlistment Date: 19 Apr 1943
Enlistment State: Washington
Enlistment City: Seattle
Branch: No branch assignment
Branch Code: No branch assignment
Grade: Private
Grade Code: Private
Term of Enlistment: Enlistment for the duration of the War or other emergency, plus six months, subject to the discretion of the President or otherwise according to law
Component: Selectees (Enlisted Men)
Source: Civil Life

Education: 4 years of high school
Civil Occupation: Foreman, Warehouse (Warehouseman. )
Marital Status: Single, without dependents
Height: 88
Weight: 145

Source Information:
National Archives and Records Administration. U.S. World War II Army Enlistment Records, 1938-1946 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2005. Original data: Electronic Army Serial Number Merged File, 1938-1946 [Archival Database]; World War II Army Enlistment Records; Records of the National Archives and Records Administration, Record Group 64; National Archives at College Park, College Park, MD.

Description:
This database contains information on about 8.3 million men and women who enlisted in the U.S. Army during World War II. Information contained in this database usually includes: name of enlistee, army serial number, residence (county and state), place of enlistment, enlistment date, grade, army branch, component, term of enlistment, birthplace, year of birth, race and citizenship, height and weight, education, and marital status.


Australian WWII Nominal Roll: http://www.ww2roll.gov.au/
WWII Service Records: http://www.naa.gov.au/the_collection/defence/conflicts/ww2/ww2.html

Canadian Military Records and Service Files (all wars): http://www.collectionscanada.ca/02/020203_e.html

Commonwealth War Graves Commission (both World Wars, all of the Commonwealth): http://www.cwgc.org


So never lose an opportunity of urging a practical beginning, however small, for it is wonderful how often in such matters the mustard-seed germinates and roots itself. - Florence Nightingale

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