Book: The Social Life of DNA: Race, Reparations, and Reconciliation After the Genome
This book by Alondra Nelson is only tangentially about genealogy and family history and sheds no light about how to use DNA to do research. It is about how our recent knowledge of the genome has fundamentally changed how we view facts about our ancestors.
The modern popularity of genealogy research began with Roots as a mini-series being televised in 1977. Before then, genealogy in the US had been mostly an upper-class pursuit, by white people. Of course, the LDS (Mormon) church had long been encouraging their members to document their ancestry -- also a mostly white project. Roots changed that, and now there are large numbers of black Americans looking for their ancestors both black and white, slave and free. And many want to go beyond the racialized labels assigned by the culture and the records and the African continent to find ancestral countries or tribal groups of origin.
Research both archaeological and "coroner's method" removal of graves in the "Negro Burial Ground" in the 90s exposed an old, racialized way of classifying the bones, in contrast to the new archaeological research which focused on using every clue found to place the person in the context of their lives in New Amsterdam, now lower Manhattan (near Tribeca). For instance, patterns of wear on the bones reveal the nature of the work these enslaved people did, and the African birth of some of them.
Once local people became aware of the excavation of graves, groups formed of probable descendants and others interested in preserving and studying and preserving the graveyard, which is now a National Monument. Another eventual outcome was the establishment by Rick Kittles, a brilliant scholar and activist, of African Ancestry, a company founded to help slave descendants find their African origins, and reconciliation with their history. His company offers both yDNA and mtDNA tests to help people connect with a country, a tribe.
There is a great deal more in this slim volume: the use of DNA to unite grandmothers with their missing grandchildren separated by the "Dirty War" in Argentina, forensic use of DNA to solve crimes of genocide, and eventually a very nuanced discussion of reparations politics in the USA.
This is not an easy read. It made me wonder why my genealogy society is all white. It made me ponder the history of how we've made use of our new knowledge of the genome, and what is ahead. It made me think about reconciliation with the past, and how we move forward once we know the truth.
Thinking about ordering an AuDNA test? What can you do with it?
If you have been considering buying a DNA test to use for genealogy, here are a few things to consider.
First, have you found most of your ancestors through old-fashioned research? If not, DNA might not yield you much information. That said, even if you are adopted and don't know much about your birth lineage, with a lot of work, you can make some matches, and learn more. However, the more you know, the better you will be able to use what you learn from DNA.
Next, what sort of test will help you learn the most? If you want to learn more about your "surname line," that of your birth father, his father, and on up -- then you want a yDNA test, and FamilyTreeDNA is the only place to get it. You will need a male of this line to do the test; daughters do not inherit their father's yDNA. Of course, you can test a male in *each* of your surname lines, but again, this only tells you about the male lines. You will want to test as many markers as you can afford; at least 67 markers if possible.
If you want to learn about all your relatives, then you want an autosomal DNA (auDNA) test from Ancestry, FamilyTreeDNA, 23andMe, or the new one on the block, MyHeritage. If you are already an Ancestry member and don't care about what your DNA says about your health, Ancestry is the right choice. (They have removed some of the genes which have health implications from their testing.)
If you are already testing at FTdna for yDNA or mtDNA, then "Family Finder" is your best choice.
If you care a bit about genealogy, but really want to know what your DNA says about your health, then 23andMe is the most popular. However, I think that their genealogy "helps" are the opposite these days, the health information seems over-simplified, and the high cost of the kits leads me to advise against using 23andMe. And yes, I tested there! At least it used to be less expensive. I found out more about health effects from Promethease than I have from 23&me.
The new choice, MyHeritage is my current favorite, since it is inexpensive ($75) and you can nearly always see a family tree, which is a problem with the others, even sometimes Ancestry. They use FTdna to do the processing, so they'll be top-notch results.
The final test one can do is mitochondrial DNA, which we all inherit from our mothers. Taking this test follows your mother's mother's mother's line far into the past. People have gotten matches from doing this test, but since mDNA is so stable, it is more about your deep past than present-day cousins. Again, FTdna is the only major company doing this testing.
No matter what company you choose, get your "raw results." If you do an auDNA test, you can
upload to GEDMatch if you wish. GEDMatch offers a lot of interesting stuff, such as comparisons with ancient DNA on file, possible localities where your ancestors lived, and the ability to partially
reconstruct the genome of a missing relative, given enough other testing. I do not yet know whether or not the MyHeritage kits will offer me the opportunity to download the raw data. I very much hope
so, and that GEDMatch will find a way to let me upload this data easily.
I think it is also important, if you use Wikitree (and you should) to link in your various tests there too. You do not upload results; simply put in your tests and also report matches among your relatives you have already made. This solidifies the results for cousins who tie into your tree, and may induce them to test too! They make it very easy. Wikitree is all about collaboration, and is the main reason I love this site!
If you do Y or Mt DNA at FTdna, they make it easy for you to upload to Mitosearch, which allows people who have tested elsewhere to upload their raw data. I've done it, although without any hits I've not seen on FTdna already. They have a similar free service for yDNA called ysearch. One can upload a gedcom, and I think it is worth doing so, if you have done the tests.
For health effects, there is a site called Promethease, which gives you an amazing amount of information for $5.
Given the way that autosomal DNA tests for genealogy work, there are two things that are important for success in using that DNA data to find matches: finding your ancestors back to ten generations, and finding all possible descendants from them.
whenever we make a conclusion about a particular ancestor or ancestral couple based on segments of DNA shared with a relative, we absolutely must address whether we do, or could, share other ancestors with that relative.
The author made a nice little chart summarizing how much he knew, so I did the same thing. Mine is not as pretty, but here it is anyway:
Key: Generation: from me; Relationship: to me; Date of Birth: roughly averaged; Matches: description; # Poss. Anc.: total number of possible ancestors in each generation; # Identified: number of ancestors identified by name in each generation; % Identified: percent of generation identified Totals - Total Poss: total possible ancestors; Total # Indent: total number identified of total possible additively; Total % Ident: Total number of ancestors identified of total number possible additively in each generation
As you can see, I'm missing a lot of information! So I will prioritize finding more of those ancestors, even as MyHeritage continues to make it easy to find their descendants. And I will continue to add that information to Wikitree as I find the time. I really love having all the information open to everybody. That said, if you are a cousin, and want to see what I've got on MyHeritage, just ask to join the tree. Occasionally I also download a gedcom from there and upload that to Rootsweb as well.
* Outreach - finding cousins and other relatives
* Research - answering questions and solving mysteries
* Paying respect - finding and telling the stories of those who can no longer speak
All of these aspects of family history research have energized my interest in the past, and I'm liking the new tools available to support that. A few years ago I was fascinated by the new use of DNA in genealogy research, and have used 23andme, Ftdna, and Gedmatch.
I started using MyHeritage because 23andme chose to use that site to display family trees. When MyHeritage offered a special deal ($99) for one year of access to their research resources, I bit. One feature I particularly enjoy is that when you find a person in, say, the census, the MH software queues up the rest of the family as well. You can quite easily not just link the family together, but also attach the source attribution to each of them.
Another nice feature is their software matching each person in your tree to resources you have not yet found, and finding that person in other trees. These both end up being very powerful. I began the tree there by simply putting in myself, my husband and our parents, and letting the software begin the work. After getting more and more census, birth, marriage, death and marriage records to the various people in the tree, I began working a bit, and filling in the holes.
As I added details, relatives, and evidence, the MH software kicked in and often suggested "Discoveries" which are sets of relatives which match one of the people in my tree. If they seem likely, I add them, as I don't consider this tree proven beyond the people whom I've researched.
I've made a real effort to bring all the trees as far forward in time as MH offers, since this is the best way to find cousins. And for cousins I already know or have proven to be related, I spend some extra time trying to make the evidence as complete as I can. Then I transfer what I can to Wikitree.
I began using Wikitree a year or so ago, by uploading my newly-cleaned GEDCOM file. Now that I have all those nice census images and other cool evidence, I've begun uploading the images, etc. to wikitree pages. Creating and linking pages for each person is a bit intensive, but it is well worth it in the end. It's quite easy to link all the people in a census image, for instance, if you've already created the pages for each.
Wikitree is created for collaboration, which is really my end goal. I don't consider any of my ancestors and other relatives as MINE, but shared with my family. So I honor each person with the parts of their lives that I've found, and hope that others will do the same.
Lately I got another special offer from FindMyPast.com, which has very clear census images. Since MH's census and some other images have been broken for some months, it's come in very handy. For building a tree, however, it seems hopeless. So if I already have a person in my tree, I can link the evidence I find. I've found no way to add people to the gedcome I uploaded, however. That will have to happen on Wikitree.
Recently I figured out how to access my complete and detailed list of matches from 23andme, so I downloaded that, and sorted by chromosome, then split the spreadsheet into one for each chromosome so I can sort by the start of each matching segment. Now to get the Gedmatch matches divided up that way, for better analysis. The text files I've been using so far are just not cutting it.
Hi everyone, there are lots of ways to delve into history, including genealogy and your own family history research. One of my favorite ways to get a new view on the past is reading a biography. One of my favorites of the past few years is The Patriarch: The Remarkable Life and Turbulent Times of Joseph P. Kennedy, by David Nasaw. Read more about it http://www.nytimes.com/2012/11/18/books/review/the-patriarch-a-joseph-p-kennedy-biography-by-david-nasaw.html. That book in particular gives some insight about the present political situation both here and in Europe, since Joe Kennedy Sr. was a famous isolationist.
Another very revealing one is that of President Wilson in Woodrow Wilson: A Biography. He's more than the president who led us into and through World War I and then failed to create the League of Nations. In some ways he reorganized the American government for the future, and in other ways, by encouraging official segregation, set us back generations.
Recently finished: Immortal Irishman, by Timothy Egan, about Thomas Francis Meagher, an Irish aristocrat first sentenced to death for speaking out against the English grinding down of the Irish, banished to Tasmania, then escaping to the US where he became a celebrated general of the Irish Brigade in the Civil War; then serving as the Acting Governor of the Montana Territory before his murder.
Looking at my list, I see only men. I need to seek out some good biographies of women. In the past, I've read Frida: A Biography of Frida Kahlo by Hayden Herrera which was great. OK! Just checked out the ebook Eleanor Roosevelt, Volume 1: The Early Years, 1884-1933 by Cook, Blanche Wiesen from my wonderful local library system, King County Library System.
Please suggest other histories or biographies you have found engaging and enlightening in the comments. Thanks!
Goosics, early residents of Warren County, Iowa - findings on the Warren Co. IA Genweb, Linkpendium
The Goosics didn't come quite as early as the Disneys, and were not as numerous as the Baysingers. Here is what I find on a search of the Warren Co. IA Genweb: WARREN COUNTY TAX LIST – 1855
in Washington Township: Goosic, Andrew
Index of Warren County Marriages 1849-1899 (Brides) BRIDEGROOMDATE
Goosic, DelilahNichollson, Elisha15 Oct 1854
Goosic, MargaretStierwalt, William A.14 Apr 1870
Goosic, MaryNichelson, William8 Aug 1866
Goosic, SarahBasinger, Elias H.15 Aug 1861
Wilkinson, Nora C.Goosic, James E.1 Mar 1877
Index of Warren County Marriages 1849-1899 (Grooms) GROOMBRIDEDATE
Nichelson, WilliamGoosic, Mary8 Aug 1866
Nichollson, ElishaGoosic, Delilah15 Oct 1854
Goosic, A. T. Jr. [Andrew Jackson Jr.]Burner, Lavina17 Jun 1813
Goosic, James E.Wilkinson, Nora C.1 Mar 1877
* FamilySearch yields 412 results for Name: Goosic. Some of those are immigrants from various countries in Europe, so it seems we have a few very different lines of Goosics.
Linkpendium also yielded some pages such as this, which I got via FTP (excerpted):
* Switzerland, IN 1820 Federal Census [Indiana, not Switzerland!]
|WHITE MALES |WHITE FEMALES | |OCCUPATIONS|MALE SLAVES |FEMALE SLAVES |FREE BLACK MALES |FREE BLACK FEMALES|
| 10 16 16 26 | 10 16 26 |# of | | 14 26 | 14 26 | 14 26 | 14 26 |
Head of Household |to to to to to 45 |to to to to 45 |For- | |to to to 45 |to to to 45 |to to to 45 |to to to 45 |
PG# LAST NAME FIRST NAME |10 16 18 26 45 up |10 16 26 45 up |eign |AGR COM MFG|14 26 45 up |14 26 45 up |14 26 45 up |14 26 45 up |REMARKS
Hadleys, Ormes and Browns, and even a connection to the underground railway during the Civil War also weave into this story.
Names, dates and places:
* Jacob Disney arrived in the Summerset-Carlisle, Iowa, area in the spring of 1846, from Knox County, Ohio. With him: Richard Hadley and Jacob's brother Mordecai Disney.
* Hadley and Disney were the first burials in Carlisle Cemetery, in summer 1846, both dead of cholera.
* Eliza and Joseph Petre, relatives of Disney, finished out the claim and deeded the cemetery to the county in 1860. Eliza and Joseph's son, Albert Petre, was the first [white] child born in that area.
* Mordecai Disney, blacksmith, later went to California (1849?) to dig for gold.
* "The third burial in Carlisle Cemetery was that of a little girl, Cordelia Orme, who had been born in Knox County, Ohio. Her grave is unmarked. Cordelia was the daughter of Jesse and Nancy Disney Orme, married Jan 27, 1850 in Knox County, Ohio. Nancy was a sister of Jacob Disney's so Cordelia was buried beside her uncle. The little girl had died while the family was migrating to Nodaway in Page County, Iowa."
* "The next grave in the first row is that of Harriet Anderson. Legend says she was the sweetheart of Richard Hadley and came to Iowa intending to be married to him. Possibly she came from Ohio with her sister and brother-in-law, Mr. & Mrs. George Disney, or with her brothers, Charles Luther Anderson and Leonard Anderson. They all came to Iowa about 1850. Harriet was the daughter of Leonard and Nancy Penn Anderson, and she died in Iowa in 1851 at the age of 20 years, 4 months and 16 days. "
* Mr. & Mrs. George Disney (Anne Elizabeth Anderson) came from Ohio to Carlisle ~1850.
* "The next stone marks the grave of Alice A. Disney, daughter of G.I. and A.E. Disney, who died June 11, 1852 at the age of 2 years, 4 months. Next is Martin Luther Disney who was 8 years, 8 months and 21 days when he died in 1855. Beside him is the grave of George Disney who died August 8, 1855 at the age of 39 years, 8 months and 15 days. His wife, Anne Elizabeth Anderson Disney is beside him. She died March 14, 1856 at the age of 31 years, 5 months and 7 days."
My thanks to the photographers and researchers who created the Findagrave tribute pages and those on the Iowa Gravestone Photo Project.
Warren County Iowa Probate Index
IDLAST NAMEFIRST NAMEMID. NAMENUMBERCOLLECTION
There is a mention on the history of the Indian Valley Cemetery, that "The Christian Union Church at Cool, Iowa, was organized November 11, 1893. The first members were Elizabeth Morris, Maude Butler, Sarah Goodrich, Rebecca Coatney, Lizzie Hess, Ella R. King, Anna R. New, Lizzie Disney."
Warren County Iowa Original Land Owners
DISNEY, George N.
Names On DocumentMiscellaneous Information
￼DISNEY, GEORGE N,
￼WILLIAMS, SAMUEL Land Office:Fort Des Moines US Reservations:No Mineral Reservations:No Authority:September 28, 1850: ScripWarrant Act of 1850 (9 Stat. 520)
Document NumbersSurvey Information
Document Nr:74075Total Acres:40.00
In short, he got 40 acres for his service in the War of 1812. Dated 2/1/1854, Doc #74075, State of IAMeridian: 5th PM, Twp - Rng: 077N - 022 W, , Aliquots: SE¼SE¼, Sec #36, Warren County.
Who is Samuel Williams? There is a Samuel Williams listed in Warren County Iowa Original Land Owners.
1853 WARREN COUNTY IOWA SPECIAL CENSUS
The Code of Iowa 1853, chapter 95, a act to provide for taking the census of a part of Warren County, the township assessors of township 77 north, ranges 25, 24, 23 and so much of range 22
as lay in Warren County were to take a census of this township when they assessed it in 1853.
Township 77, ranges 22 - 25 comprise just the top tier of Warren County; therefore, the 1853 Warren County special census only included the green area on the map to the right.
This census included the following information:
NAME = Name of head of household
MALES = Number of males
FEMALES = Number of females
VOTE = Number of persons entitled to vote
MILITIA = Number of persons elligable for military duty
TOTAL = Total number of people in the household
DISNEY, G. N.33116Richland
WARREN COUNTY TAX LIST – 1855
Richland Township: Disney, G.N.
Index of Warren County Marriages 1849-1899 (Grooms) GROOMBRIDEDATE
Phillips, Harry (26)Disney, Hester (18)11 Jan 1899
Warren County, Iowa, USA on USGenWeb site -- Baysingers
Quick shout-out to the fine work that Iowa GenWeb does. My mother was born in Warren County, and her Baysingers, Disneys, Goosics had all been there for generations. Her father's people, the McBees were there for a time as well. (Below is what is found for the Baysingers, not including the Census, which I find at MyHeritage.)
Tonight I happened upon a database I've never heard of before, the OLD AGE PENSION TAX LIST – 1935 Otter Township
Assessor’s List of Those Subject to Old Age Pension Tax for the Year 1935, Otter Township, Warren County, Iowa, Filed March 16, 1935 by A. H. Traub, Warren County Auditor
To the Treasurer of said County: This book contains a complete list, arranged alphabetically, of residents of Otter Township in the said county, who are over 21 years of age, and subject to a tax of $2.00, payable in 1935 for the benefit of the Old Age Pension Fund, as required by Section 34, Chapter 19, Acts of the Forty-fifth General Assembly in extraordinary session.
By the way, there was one person on that page listed with an employer. Hard times in Otter Township. Of course, most were farming.
The same tax in 1936 Linn Township yields
Baysinger, NellieCumming, IANov 4, 1873WFMahaska Co., IAFrank WhiteKit Ogden
OLD AGE PENSION TAX LIST – 1935 Carlisle NAMEP. O. ADDRESSBIRTH DATECOLORSEXBIRTH PLACEFATHER'S NAMEMOTHER'S MAIDEN NAMEEMPLOYER (if any)
Prall, EvaCarlisle, IAFeb 2, 1894WFCarlisle, IAWilliam BaysingerSarah BorrallHouse Wife
Prall, KailCarlisle, IAJan 27, 1913WMCarlisle, IAFred PrallEva BaysingerNone
OLD AGE PENSION TAX LIST – 1936 Carlisle NAMEP. O. ADDRESSBIRTH DATECOLORSEXBIRTH PLACEFATHER'S NAMEMOTHER'S MAIDEN NAMEEMPLOYER (if any)
Prall, EvaCarlisle, IAFeb 2, 1894WFCarlisle, IAWm. BaysingerSarah BorallNone
Prall, KailCarlisle, IAJan 27, 1913WMCarlisle, IAFred PrallEva BaysingerNone
OLD AGE PENSION TAX LIST – 1935 Belmont Township NAMEP. O. ADDRESSBIRTH DATECOLORSEXBIRTH PLACEFATHER'S NAMEMOTHER'S MAIDEN NAMEEMPLOYER (if any)
Baysinger, Ferris H.Pleasantville, IAM
Baysinger, Martha MayPleasantville, IAM
Baysinger, Pete A.Pleasantville, IAM
Baysinger, Roberta L.Pleasantville, IAF
OLD AGE PENSION TAX LIST – 1936 Belmont Township NAMEP. O. ADDRESSBIRTH DATECOLORSEXBIRTH PLACEFATHER'S NAMEMOTHER'S MAIDEN NAMEEMPLOYER (if any)
Baysinger, P. A.Pleasantville, IAM
1879 Directory, Otter Township
BAYSINGER, E.H., farmer, and brick-maker, Sec. 4; P.O. Indianola; was born in Breckenridge county, Kentucky, in 1833, and removed to Illinois in 1835, and afterwards to Indiana, and came to this county first in 1852; he is a farmer and owns 90 acres of land; he spent six years in Kansas, from 1854 to 1860, and was in the John Brown raid; after his return to this county, he engaged in brick-making, and has made the largest portion of the brick used in the buildings of Indianola; he has held township offices; he married Miss Sarah Goosic, in 1861; she was born in Ohio; they have eight children: Phebe A., Mary E., Sarah F., Peter A., William, John F., Eda B., James.
In the Index of Warren County Marriages 1900-1920 (Grooms) VOL.PAGEGROOMAGEBRIDEAGEDATE
M466Baysinger, Carl21Gregg, Nellie259 June 1914
L53Baysinger, Elias W.38Person, Ida May3811 Dec 1907
L498Baysinger, Henry23Kendall, Bertha1815 Nov 1910
O290Baysinger, Henry31Archer, Grace1925 Oct 1919
K4Baysinger, James A.27Clary, Mary Ethel181 Dec 1903
M118Mosher, Olin John18Baysinger, Grace193 Mar 1912
L448Prall, Fred L.21Baysinger, Eva May163 July 1910
Index of Warren County Marriages 1900-1920 (Brides) VOL.PAGEBRIDEAGEGROOMAGEDATE
O290Archer, Grace19Baysinger, Henry3125 Oct 1919
L448Baysinger, Eva May16Prall, Fred L.213 July 1910
M118Baysinger, Grace19Mosher, Olin John183 Mar 1912
K4Clary, Mary Ethel18Baysinger, James A.271 Dec 1903
L498Kendall, Bertha18Baysinger, Henry2315 Nov 1910
L53Person, Ida May38Baysinger, Elias W.3811 Dec 1907
M466Gregg, Nellie25Baysinger, Carl219 June 1914
Index of Warren County Marriages 1849-1899 (Grooms) GROOMBRIDEDATE
Baysinger, EliasJones, Margaret9 Jul 1854
Baysinger, Elias W. (23)Burrall, Sarah F. (22)11 Jun 1893
Baysinger, John (22)Stephenson, Viola (19)3 Jul 1893
Baysinger, John (22)Disney, Minnie (17)25 Apr 1894
Baysinger, Peter A. (24)Byers, Martha M. (19)11 Oct 1891
Byers, Elijah J. (21)Baysinger, Sarah J. (20)14 Mar 1886
Sipult, WilliamBaysinger, Mary E.15 Feb 1881
Snyder, FletcherBaysinger, Phoebe Anne4 Sep 1875
Dilley, Joseph R. (43)Baysinger, Belle (18)17 Jun 1892
Index of Warren County Marriages 1849-1899 (Brides): BRIDEGROOMDATE
Baysinger, Belle (18)Dilley, Joseph R. (43)17 Jun 1892
Baysinger, Mary E.Sipult, William15 Feb 1881
Baysinger, Phoebe AnneSnyder, Fletcher4 Sep 1875
Baysinger, Sarah J. (20)Byers, Elijah J. (21)14 Mar 1886
Burrall, Sarah F. (22)Baysinger, Elias W. (23)11 Jun 1893
Byers, Martha M. (19)Baysinger, Peter A. (24)11 Oct 1891
Disney, Minnie (17)Baysinger, John (22)25 Apr 1894
Stephenson, Viola (19)Baysinger, John (22)3 Jul 1893
Index of Warren County Divorces 1904-1960 NumberHusbandAgeMarriage Date# Prior Marr.WifeAgeDivorce Date# Prior Marr.
5343Baysinger, Henry I.28Nov 15, 1910noneBertha E. Baysinger24Nov 11, 1916none
Index to Warren County Deaths 1880-1903 NAMESEXPLACE OF BIRTHAGEDATE OF DEATHPLACE OF DEATHPLACE OF BURIALPAGEVOL
Baysinger, E. [Elias] H.mKentucky69yNovember 8, 1900Otter TownshipIndianola442
Baysinger, LaurafOtter Twp, Warren Co, IA4 hrsOctober 1, 1882Otter TownshipIndianola281
Baysinger, Leonard M.mOtter Twp, Warren Co, IA9mFebruary 2, 1898Otter TownshipHammondsburg Cemetery132
Baysinger, Sarah M.fOhio40yOctober 1, 1882Otter TownshipIndianola281
Warren County Iowa OBITUARY Index LAST NAMEFIRST NAMEMIDDLE NAMEDATEPAGE
Hammondsburg Cemetery Burials (theIowa Gravestone Photo Projecthas the photos) NAMEBIRTH DEATH
BAYSINGER, Elias W.1869 - 1923
BAYSINGER, George1 Nov 1914 - 27 Jan 1916
BAYSINGER, infant son1914 - 25 Apr 1914
BAYSINGER, Leonard M.May 1887 - 2 Feb 1888
BAYSINGER, Sarah F.1870 - 1904
IOOF Indianola Cemetery Burial Records NAMEBIRTHDEATH
BAYSINGER, Elias Henry26 Dec 18328 Nov 1900
BAYSINGER, Elizabeth J.23 Aug 1862*27 Dec 1862
BAYSINGER, Sarah Maria13 Feb 18421 Oct 1882
Motor Cemetery Burials NAMEBIRTH DEATH
BAYSINGER, Martha M.1871 - 1937
BAYSINGER, Peter A.1867 - 1942
Peterson-Richardson Funeral Home Book INDEX LAST NAMEFIRST NAMEMIDDLE NAMEYEARBOOKPAGE
Warren County Iowa Probate Index IDLAST NAMEFIRST NAMEMID. NAMENUMBERCOLLECTION
Mysteries and questions are what got me hooked doing genealogy, many years ago. My sister had found our great-grandfather in the 1900 Warren County, Iowa census, and with the help of a cousin, we found his will, since he died soon after 1900. But what was described in his will did not seem to match the family we had seen in 1900. And of course there is no 1890 census to consult, so real digging and thinking was required.
And so it has continued. Every time I've gone back over stuff I've found before, I see it with new eyes, and it both teaches me to see what I didn't see before, and always also raises more questions.
The latest: one of my mother's cousins was listed as a widow, living with her family of birth and young child in rural northern Missouri in the 1900 census. So of course once I found the name of her first husband, I searched for their marriage record and his death. And then I found him, apparently alive and well, living with his family, in the same county. You can see the census image on his page, http://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Boyd-6597.
Now, this could be an entirely different person, perhaps? Boyd is a rather common surname, and some of the other names don't match. But Almarion? Not too many men about with that name! So I'm thinking that either the marriage was one of convenience, or fictional. I know that she married later, although I've not found that marriage record either. Now: what happened to Almarion?
Fortunately right now I have a subscription to MyHeritage.com, which makes it easy to find people, link them up, and prove their existence with census images and other public records, as well as check with some other online databases such as FamilySearch family tree, other MyHeritage trees, Geni and Wikitree.
Wikitree is fantastic! Now that I'm using it heavily, I find more and more profiles I can link to, and contribute to, rather than have to create them all. I hope by uploading census images and other information, I can find more prospective cousins to upload family photos, letters, and stories concerning their ancestors and relatives. My focus right now is to find all the recent* relatives I can on MyHeritage, and create wikitree profiles for them. It's a bit of work to add the spouse, children, sibs and parents for each person, and link each image to all the people, but it's well worth the work, in my opinion. The wikitree experts are very helpful, too.
When my daddy died it comforted me to write little stories I remembered about him. This is one lovely way to use Wikitree. Another is to upload photos and other documents, which I am doing now. My ultimate goal is to connect with cousins and do more difficult research, further back in time. But while I have MyHeritage, I will use it until I have sucked all the relatives out if it that I can find. Join me, cousins!
*recent means those found in the 1940 census. Living people's profiles are private by default on Wikitree.
Ted Cowan of Issaquah and more recently of Buckley, Bonney Lake and Puyallup died Thursday, May 12, 2016 at Puyallup Nursing and Rehab., Puyallup, Washington. He was 89.
Ted was born the 7th of August, 1926 to Thomas Cowan and Elsie Schell Cowan in Seattle. He grew up in Montlake, graduated from Garfield High School, and soon after was drafted into the US Army. After training as a medic, he shipped out to the Pacific Theater. As a medic, he followed the Marines into battle to treat his fellow soldiers in many of the largest and most brutal battles in World War II.
He married Lola McBee September 3, 1949. They built their own house south of Issaquah, and lived there until Lola’s death. They also built a log cabin near Mount Rainier which became their most beloved retreat.
Ted and Lola had two daughters; Valorie, married to Bob Zimmerman; and Kimberly, married to Guy Rick Betts. They loved their ten grandchildren and great-grandchildren and spent as much time with them as possible. After Lola’s death, Ted sold the house on Hobart Road, and moved into a small house in Buckley.
After returning from war, Ted had lost the desire to become a doctor, and soon moved into selling hardware at Seattle Hardware, and then then industrial parts for the Houston Company and then Atlas Packing and Rubber. After a serious health scare, he decided to change careers, and became a real estate salesman, then a broker. He worked at Maple Valley Realty, then started Valley Realty.
He was always interested in Republican politics and conservative public policy, often traveling to Olympia and sometimes even Washington, DC to lobby for his interests in gun rights, public lands and private wells. He also loved traveling with Lola, and then with his daughters, to Scotland in particular.
Gather at the LDS church (26800 236th Pl SE, Maple Valley) at 11:00am to share memories, look at photos and celebrate Ted’s long life. He will be laid to rest 1:30pm Monday, May 23 at Tahoma National Cemetery.
Adventures in genetic genealogy: my progress so far
It's been about a month since I gave up waiting and started "making something happen" on 23andme. I have 983 "DNA Relatives" there, and Gedmatch shows me my top 1000 matches. I've messaged all of the 23andme matches, with mixed results.
First, only about one-third of the cousins have a name or profile that I can see on 23andme. Those people I have messaged by name, and if they have surnames and/or localities listed, I often mention those if they sound interesting or familiar. Many people have nothing listed in their profile but a name. Those folks without a name can be messaged, but it has to be generic. A few of those nameless people have accepted contact, and some "sharing", which is what 23andme calls comparing genomes.
Of course sharing genomes is the whole reason I'm doing this, so it has been a lot of work just to get to starting line. For those who are not interested in doing this work to get matches, my advice is: use FTDNA or Ancestry. 23andme does not make it easy. Even when you have contact information and can use email, finding the common ancestor is work; although more fun than writing endless messages on a crappy message system.
After one month, there are still 203 outgoing invitations, and perhaps 500 messages to nameless persons still sitting in their 23andme inboxes. I have 203 people sharing with me; 15 of those are not matches, which happens when one person administers a group of kits and allows sharing on all of them. Realistically, I expect another 10 to 20 more sharing matches over the next year. On the upside, that is 200 more cousins!
Now the bad news. Perhaps 35 of those 200 are on gedmatch; and most of them already were there before I found them. I've talked only 5 or so people into uploading there. Of course I need to make another push and re-message *all* my sharing matches, whether they are in a shared-segment group or not. And even being on gedmatch is only the first step to finding that common ancestor.
I focused at first on those shared-segment groups because it seemed obvious to me that they would *want* to get onto gedmatch (and hopefully wikitree), but that doesn't seem to be the case. And really, all of my 23andme matches are part of a shared-segment group, even if there are no matches with us on gedmatch, which is highly unlikely. So if I want to play the numbers, I'm going to have to write to all those singletons, and those whom I've not messaged for a month.
After all, when I first sent in my kit, after I spent some time setting up a profile (only to see my tree disappear), it was nearly a year before I checked in again and started figuring out how to use the site. I assume that most people are about the same, and have no clue 1. how or why they should set up a profile and make it public, 2. where they can get and send messages, 3. why and how they should compare genomes, and 4. why they should care at all. Much less know what the next steps might be.
It is too bad that 23andme don't do any of the education of their users, but they seem content to get their money and then leave them alone. Maybe that makes business sense, because the only way they make money on people is when they buy more kits. Ignorance on the part of their customers perhaps makes them the most money?
Whatever. They have given me some matches, and some tools. I need to make the best of what I have. Cousins, cousins, and more cousins! On to Wikitree, research, and finding those common ancestors.
I've loved the search for genealogy and my family's history since my children were young. I wanted to understand my roots, and why some of the difficulties my family endured happened, and how those events changed all those who were touched by them.
I found young orphans, babies born before marriage, rape, and tragic death by fire among the more normal events. I've also found some family lines that are rather well-researched, which took away the challenge. For some years other projects took my time.
Then, the yDNA tests became affordable, and I bought an Family Tree DNA kit for my dad for Father's Day. Because those "beginner kits" don't tell you much, and have far too many meaningless matches, I kept paying for upgrades, all the way up to 67 markers. This took his high-quality matches down to under 10, but as we followed up on these matches, we realized that this line of Cowans came from Stirling, in Scotland. The recorded part of the family went to the Irish Plantations as merchants. The Sterling Cowans were wealthy and powerful. They established the Cowane Hospital in Stirling, which we were able to see on a trip with Dad, my sister Kimberly and me a few years after my mother's death. I have yet to find documents proving the link between my Selkirkshire Cowans and that powerful family, but my dad's yDNA prove that it is there.
Now, autosomal DNA is affordable, and much more powerful than they have ever been before. The segments of each chromosome which are sampled are only the parts where we humans show difference. Most of our DNA is identical. So I asked for a 23andme kit for Christmas, and when my husband bought one for me, spit and spit and spit until I filled up the test tube.
It took a few weeks before I got results, and I saw very little that meant anything to me. Every time I re-visited the site, I saw more that made no sense, until I ran out of patience, and started the attack. Now I'm really getting results, if by results you mean cousins. As described in detail in my previous post, I wrote to all my 23andme matches. And as 23andme emails me about new matches, you can be sure I will follow up with them.
The reason we want all these matches is not just social; it is triangulation, which is assembling known data, and using that to solve the unknown. Described here: http://www.isogg.org/wiki/Triangulation.
So, a few hundred messages are sitting in cousins' inboxes. Meanwhile, 150 of us are beginning the process of finding our common ancestor. Some of those cousins are in groups of two to ten matches on the same segment with me. I hope to get those singletons in a group one way or another.
My main use so far is to find more cousins, and as more folks from 23andme upload there, we are able to verify which segment groups on gedmatch match us. Now we've started including those Gedmatch folks in our group mails. I will end up emailing them all too. Gedmatch doesn't send out emails about new matches, but when you do a "one kit with many" search, the new kit numbers are green.
Of course, it is still a waiting game; send out emails, and then wait for the replies. Kitty Cooper recommended using Wikitree, so I began investigating that too. I have a gedcom at Rootsweb: http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~valoriez. I love Rootsweb, and I love WorldConnect, but aside from the Postems, the trees are not interactive, or connected up.
Wikitree is set up differently. The goal is to collaborate on the research about each ancestor, and link up to cousins along the way. That alone is wonderful, but it also integrates DNA testing results into the ancestral profiles. I've uploaded my gedcom, and checked each possible match, and now my upload will be examined by one of the helpful experts who help keep the site humming. Politeness, integrity and downright friendliness are built into Wikitree. I love it.
It took me a year to really start using 23andme. I think it was because it is hard to know what to do.
Recently I got tired of waiting for something to happen, and decided to just wade in and make it happen. As of now, I have over 85 people I'm sharing with, with another 252 invitations to share. Altogether, tonight I have finished contacting all 962 matches that they report, unless I skipped someone inadvertently.
The page where you can make this happen too is https://www.23andme.com/you/relfinder/. This page links every match up to 1000, and you can sort it various ways. What I did first was sort it this way and that, randomly messaging people, with very few responses. When I got serious, instead I made a little text:
We may be related according to 23&me. I've been doing genealogy research for quite awhile, and my old GEDCOM is online at Rootsweb: http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~valoriez. And GEDMATCH: kit # M186808
Main surnames are Baysinger, Booth, Cowan, Disney, Goosic, McBee, McPhail, McPherson, McQueen, Walters. I have a genealogy blog: http://genweblog.blogspot.com/.
Email: email@example.com, and I'm on G+, Facebook, Twitter, etc. - http://about.me/valoriez
All the best,
Make your own, and use it! I ended up with this text because I can paste it both as an introduction, and in invitations. Many people don't know how to use the site, and don't make themselves publicly available. However, if you take the time to introduce yourself, many of them will share genomes and their information, if they have any. So while you are watching tv, or listening to music, just go down the relfinder page, click the Introduction link, paste your text after the boilerplate, and click send. And on to the next. The link changes so you can keep track.
People who have names I treat a bit differently: click the name and you'll be taken to their profile. Click the Invite to share genomes link, and then customize. These folks I address by name, and then paste in the text and send. If they are not accepting invitations to share genomes, I write them a note anyway. Maybe they will change their mind about that at some point. You can close their profile, and you'll be back on relfinder. It is a bit harder to keep track of those with names, but if everything is working well, you'll be warned that you can't send another invitation to share.
As people accept my invitations, I check them out and I've made a little text file with all the chromosomes listed to keep track of my matches. There might be a better way to do this, but it's working so far. I'll explain the parts of a sample entry below:
| John Samplename(X): 65% down X [sample@email](Sample surname list)
The bar above John's name means he matches with the person above him. If there is no bar, I've not found another person who matches us yet. Sometimes I make a note about his match with the other person if necessary.
The (X) is all the chromosomes we match on; in this case only X. I list all the chromosome matches so I can scroll to the other matches with them easily.
65% down X is how I describe the match. Add more words if necessary. If I get a group of matches, I label their email address 65% down X for instance. I put the matches in order down the chromosome, which makes it easier to spot groups. I test the possible group matches against one another before messaging them about the match.
I try to get email addresses for every matching person in every group of matches. The messaging system at 23&me is less than optimal. Be sure to set up a filter in your email though, so you don't miss any. As I get emails of people, I add them to that filtered group.
Some people list surnames on their profiles, some send them to you later if they know any, and I also link to their public trees, their gedmatch if they have one, etc.
One note about testing matches against one another: first, this is done here: https://www.23andme.com/you/inheritance/. To quickly find the name you want to compare, type the first letter of the name and use the arrow keys to scroll up and down. You can alternate sides to compare yourself to one match, then that match to another person. It's quite interesting; play with it.
Once you get an accepted invitation, what do you do with it? 23&me doesn't make it obvious. If the person isn't sharing genomes, I respond with some more information, for instance about next steps in figuring out our common ancestor, and ask again about sharing genomes. This is really the basic step needed for progress.
If they have accepted sharing, you'll be able to find them on this page: https://www.23andme.com/user/profile/sharing/. Here you find all persons sharing genomes with you, and a link to their page. Right-click on their link and open in a new tab, and you can quickly message all members of a group. I make a generic message I can paste to all of them, such as:
Our match on Chromosome X
Same message to Person1, Person2, Person3:
Thanks for sharing, cousin. We all share the same segment on X. From your profile I see Suspicious Surname/ Interesting Locality which we may all share. My own Surname/Locality blah blah.
I notice that some of you match more closely with one another than me/some of you don't match with everyone in the group, even though you match with me.
Shall we take this to email?
My text file makes it easy to keep track of everyone, so I don't give out bad information, or confuse people. But I try to get everyone to email as soon as possible.
Now, GEDmatch. I think this site is essential, since it allows uploads of genome test data from 23&me, Ancestry and FTdna. So you can compare your genome no matter where people tested. This is only autosomal DNA, and the X and Y chromosomes are not included, sadly.
Also, you can upload your gedcom and compare that with others! This is a step I've not taken yet, as my gedcom is so old and small. But once I get it buffed up again, I will surely do this. So many people only have trees on Ancestry which are not available publicly. And their search is horrible, even if you get an invite. Even on Rootsweb, it is difficult to find a common ancestor. So GEDmatch! Even if you match only on X or Y with someone.
So, 23&me users, what have I forgotten, or gotten wrong? Please feel free to complain about 23&me, or better yet, share your success stories in the comments. Taking these steps has made me feel that the hundred dollars spent is a bargain!
After finding my gedcom (which I had on WorldConnect all this time....) I downloaded it and explored a bit with Gramps. One of the tools is called Data Verify, and I've been working through this one by one. A common error is "Old age but no death", so I've been googling for these people. So far, I've found the death of Norm Wainman in Ontario:
Norman Wainman 1921-2014 Wainman, Norman James … passed away peacefully at Cambridge Memorial Hospital on Monday June 30, 2014 at the age of 93. Beloved husband of the late Margaret (nee Blake). Loving father of Blake Wainman (Sandi). Dear brother of Marion Caskey and brother in law of Helen Wainman. In keeping with Norman’s wishes cremation has taken place and a Memorial Service will be held at First United Church, 15 Wellington St Cambridge on Saturday August 16, 2014 at 11 am. As expressions of sympathy donations made to The Heart and Stroke Foundation would be appreciated by the family. Arrangements entrusted to Corbett Funeral Home.
Tonight I found the death of Myrene McAninch, one of my favorite relatives as a child.
Dr. Myrene C. McAninch Ph.D.
Dr. Myrene C. McANINCH, PhD Dr. Myrene McAninch, PhD passed away on January 13, 2010 in Seattle, Washington. Myrene was born in Lincoln, Nebraska in 1930 and raised by her Mother and Maternal Grandmother. The family relocated to Tacoma, Washington where Myrene attended Jason Lee Middle School and Stadium High School. Myrene went on to the University of Washington and received BA's in English and Early Childhood Development. Myrene found that she had a passion for the vulnerable in our society and her life was dedicated to the developmentally disabled and the ongoing wellness issues of the elderly. Myrene went on to complete her Masters in Learning Disabilities and her PhD in Clinical Psychology from the UW in 1968. As part of her pioneering work in developing teaching materials for children with learning disabilities, Myrene found that development of socialization skills was a critical component. Myrene was instrumental in the development of the Pilot School at the UW as a demonstration project for techniques in working with learning disabilities. Over the next 7 years she was Director at Highline-West Seattle Community Mental Health Center. She was also appointed Vice President of the National Community Mental Health Association. Myrene worked on the development of National Standards for patient care, including specific commitment procedures for Washington State. She would move on to the national stage as a director with the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations in Chicago. She resigned from JCAHO in 1990 and became a nationally recognized consultant in Healthcare. In 1996, Myrene and her husband Walt entered the Park Shore Retirement Community in Seattle. Myrene was immediately assigned to the Healthcare Committee and the Advisory Board where she would help the facility focus on "Wellness" issues including the hiring of a Fitness Director, improving the healthy content of the food, and lobbying to hire a Wellness Director. In 1999, Myrene was diagnosed with breast cancer and participated as an early volunteer for the new drug, Herceptin. After many years of treatment, Myrene won the battle with cancer but sadly would eventually succumb to Alzheimer's disease. Myrene was preceded in death by her husband Walter H. McAninch in March of 2000. Walter was the founding President of Contract Hardware, Inc. in Seattle. A memorial service will be held in the spring to honor Myrene's life and her many accomplishments. Please contact Dale Garrett, PR, C/O Contract Hardware, Inc. 12100 NE 195th St., Suite 250, Bothell, WA 98011 for memorial service notification requests. Charitable Donations may be made to the UW School of Nursing/Healthy Aging Program, Box 357260, Seattle, WA 98195. Published in The Seattle Times from Feb. 5 to Feb. 8, 2010
Wow. Evidently when Margaret and Norm moved out of their house, they (or their daughter gave many things to the local museum, including this amazing collection of photos. My favorite childhood photo of my dad is there, along with my wedding photos! I think my grandmother must have been sending photos to Margaret for many years. It was such an emotional moment to find all that. Of course, there are many mysteries as well, since I don't know who many of the people pictured are, or the exact locations of some of the photos. All the most reason to make the journey to Ontario and meet my living relatives! And pay respects at the graves of those who have already passed.
Finally, I've found that my mother could have been a Daughter of the American Revolution three times over! I've known for years that one of her BAYSINGER ancestors was in his local militia during the right time-period, but it turns out that Nancy Jane BOOTH had at least *two*. And one has an absolutely knockout page on FindaGrave: http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=42175401. Thank you Zachariah CALLAWAY for your service. Thank you Charles BOOTH Sr. for your service. And thank you Melissa Harman for putting the Post-em on old Zach's WC page, leading me to that bonanza on FindaGrave!