Thursday, June 01, 2006

Immigration and Emigration

Emigration & Immigration Research Outline at

Ellis Island: has the records online for 1892-1924. 22 million immigrants, passengers, and crew members came through Ellis Island and the Port of New York. Use Stephen Morse's forms to search if you can't find them with the standard search engine. These sites are free and open to all.

NEW! I've just found about a wonderful way to extend your use of the site. Megan Smolenyak says that to the left of the certificate, at the bottom of the menu are "View Annotations" and "Create an Annotation." She says:
If you click on "View Annotations," you'll find yourself in the Community Archives, which includes the annotation I contributed. By clicking on my name, you'll see a number of additional details I entered.... All of these are pre-set fields, so all you have to do is a little typing.

At this point, there is no field for your e-mail address, so I suggest making use of the fields you would otherwise leave empty to provide this information. For instance, I used the "religious
community" field to indicate how I could be contacted.

Eventually, the annotations themselves will be made directly searchable. That's not the case at present, but anyone who does a conventional search for the passenger arrival records of the same
people as you can find your notes appended.
   Stephen Morse's One-Step Ellis Island Search Forms:

Megan Smolenyak's case history using the EIDB - Finding Knute Rockne in the Ellis Island Database:

Before Ellis Island, there was Castle Garden. The records from 1830-1892 are now searchable; 10 million records:

The best way to search Ellis Island, Castle Garden, and other ports of entry, is through the forms at

The Massachusetts Archives is indexing a million immigrants who came through Boston 1848-1891:

Finding Passenger Lists 1820-1940s (arrivals at US Ports):


Passenger Ship Arrivals:

CIMO - Cimorelli Immigration Manifests Online:

Immigrant Ships Transcribers Guild (ISTG):
   More than 5,000 ships' passenger lists, citing over 1/2 million passenger arrivals.

NARA - Immigration Records (Ship Passenger Arrival Records):

Coming soon - Records of 30 million passengers on thousands of ships sailing to destinations worldwide., in association with The National Archives, is proud to present Ancestorsonboard, a new database featuring BT27 Outward Passenger Lists for long-distance voyages leaving the British Isles from 1960 right back to 1890. With Ancestorsonboard, you can search for records of individuals or groups of people leaving for destinations including Australia, Canada, India, New Zealand, South Africa and USA featuring ports such as Boston, Philadelphia and New York. Passengers include not only immigrants and emigrants, but also businessmen, diplomats and tourists. Images of the passenger lists will be available to download, view, save and print. This will be a pay site, but inexpensive.

Finding Irish - the Missing Friends database:

The St. Louis Naturalization Index Cards 1816-1906:

The project has a great collection of Immigration links on their Cool Links system:
   Be sure to check the subcategories, too: Harbors, Algeria, Canada, France, Germany, Hungary, Mexico, Russia, USA

Emigration from/through Bremen and Bremerhaven 1820-1939 - Deutsche Auswanderer-Datenbank (DAD):

Bremen Passenger Lists, 1920-1939 -about 635 000 passengers are listed. Can be searched by name, date of departure, destination harbors and home towns of the passengers:

Hamburg passenger list partly online here: and at Ancestry. may search some other websites too; his site should be your first stop.

Die Maus - Familienforschung in Bremen:

French Emigration Indexes:

Olive Tree's Ship Passenger Lists:

Immigration & Ships Passenger Lists Research Guide:

Passenger Lists on the Internet:

Ship Samuel Intro Page:

Mariners Museum in Newport News, VA (ship photos):

British National Maritime Museum in Greenwich:


Emigration / Ship Lists and Resources:

Passenger List for the Winthrop Fleet of 1630 (11 ships); the Lyon 1632; the Griffin, 1634; the Planter, 1635; the Angel Gabriel, 1635 (partial); the Confidence, 1638; the Martin, 1638:

Ship Passenger Lists: Immigrants from Alsace (and Elsewhwere) to America 1820-1850:

Jacques de Guise's Virtual Tour on Emigration (emphasis on emigration from the Alsace):

New! Immigration to Canada from early 19th century to the Second World War:
   Includes passenger lists, loyalist research tool, and 11,400 files on Jewish, Ukrainian and Finnish immigrants who came to Canada from the Russian Empire.

Canadian Immigration: Also see: - searchable database that collects and analyzes migration data:

Immigrant Ancestors Project:
Work in progress, sponsored by Brigham Young University's Center for Family History and Genealogy, uses emigration records in emigrant home countries to locate the birthplaces of immigrants which are missing on many port records and naturalization documents in arrival countries. Volunteers working with scholars and researchers at Brigham Young University are creating a database of millions of immigrants based on these emigration records. Available in English, Spanish, Italian, German, Portugues, and French.
Sometimes the Naturalization record can lead to finding the immigration record. See

Books - They Came In Ships: A Guide to Finding Your Immigrant Ancestor's Arrival Record by John P. Colletta, PH.D. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, Third Edition, 2002. ISBN 091648937X.

Queens of the Western Ocean by Carl C. Cutler. History of ship-building and its evolution in the United States. Tables of specific ships, captains (masters), dates and ports of arrival.

Consistency requires you to be as ignorant today as you were a year ago. - Bernard Berenson

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